Two Stewards: Whom God Sets Up Replaces He Who Rests Himself


Isaiah 22:15-25 contains a prophecy of two stewards. The first is Shebna. One possible meaning of Shebna is “who rests himself.” One who rests is one who rules. A king rested, or ruled when he sa down on his throne. Shebna was a steward of the household, but, given his name, it could be that he ruled the household in his own strength and self. And, it could be that he had an overinflated view of himself since he was making himself a tomb in the high place, which was often reserved for royalty.

But, Shebna was to be replaced by Eliakim. Eliakim means whom God sets up or God will establish. God was going to take the robe, sash, and authority from Shebna and give it to Eliakim. Therefore, one who God set up was to steward the household instead of one who was stewarding it himself.

Verse 20 says, “In that day I will call my servant Eliakim.” So far, we have seen throughout Isaiah that the phrase “that day” typically refers to Jesus’ crucifixion.

Verse 22 says, “And I place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.” Jesus uses these words to describe himself in Revelation 3:7, which says, “And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: ‘The words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens.”

Therefore, we can see Eliakim as a shadow of Jesus. Jesus is the one whom God sets up to be the steward of the household instead of us, Shebna, who try to rest ourselves.

What is the household that Jesus is the steward of?

Ephesians 2:19-22 says, “So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone, in whom the whole structure, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord. In him, you also are being built together into a dwelling place for God by the Spirit.”

We, the saints, the believers, the church, are God’s household. Notice that everything in God’s household, the whole structure, is joined together and is built together in Christ. This is the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy in verses 23 and 24 that Eliakim, Jesus, ¬†would be like a peg in a secure place and throne of honor on which the whole honor and every vessel of God’s household would hang.

Colossians 1:17-18 says, “And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church.”

Jesus is the one God has established to steward his household. Jesus was given the authority to rule the church. Therefore, he is the head. Further, this means that we are not the steward of the church. Man, Shebna, the one who rests himself, is not the ruler of the church and does not have the authority of the household. Instead, many must give way to Jesus and let him have the authority that is rightfully his.

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