Job’s Three Daughters: From Death to Life


Job has heard God and seen the error of his ways. He sees that God is far more wonderful than he ever imagined. Job now knows that God is working good, and not evil, for him.

What was the result of Job’s understanding God’s goodness?

Job’s end was better than his beginning. God doubled Job’s possessions. And, God gave Job 10 children to replace the 10 children that Satan had killed.

Just like before, Job had seven sons and three daughters. But, it is interesting that of the 20 children Job had that we are only given the names of the second set of three daughters. Not only are we given their names but we are told there were no women so beautiful as them and that Job gave them an inheritance with their brothers.

Given that many believe Job is the oldest book of the Bible and the patriarchal culture it would come from, it is quite amazing that we are only given names for the daughters and they received an inheritance with their brothers. Therefore, I believe this shows we should pay special attention to these daughters.


According to several sources, the name Jemimah means dove. But, another source says that it sort of looks like the Hebrew word for seas (mayim). Therefore, in addition to dove, Jemimah could mean “she who acts like the sea.”

What does the sea act like?

It is turbulent and chaotic. It is always churning and roaring. This seems to be an apt description of Job through most of this book. And, it is an apt description for all of us at some point in our lives.

But, in the creation of Genesis, God gathers the seas so that the dry land could appear. This is a picture of the resurrection of Jesus. And, in that account of creation, we read the Holy Spirit, often pictured as a dove in scripture, was hovering above the seas.

In Mark4 :35-41, Jesus and the disciples were in a boat crossing the sea when a stormed picked up. The sea was crashing into the boat and the disciples feared they were going to die. Jesus spoke to the wind and the sea, “Peace! Be still!” And the disciples said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”

Jemimah then represents Jesus calming the stormy thoughts, thoughts that are chaotic and turbulent, we have about God.


The name Keziah derives from the Hebrew word qasa. Virtually all the forms of qasa have to do with an abrupt or severe ending. Qasa means to remove by cutting off. Therefore, the name Keziah may mean “it is done” or “it is finished.”

What is finished?

For Job, his view of God as good and evil, someone he could argue and content with, was cut off when he heard the words of Elihu, a picture of Jesus, and then both heard the words of God and saw God as he truly is.

In John 19:30, “It is finished” were the last words of Jesus on the cross before he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. Jesus had finished his work to destroy the works of Satan, the one troubles our thoughts, and the power of sin in our lives.

Jesus finished that work on the cross. His work becomes true in us when we die with him in baptism, reckoning ourselves dead to sin and the old way of life.


The name Keren-happuch is made up of two words. Keren is the Hebrew word for horn. Happuch carries the meaning of antimony in the Bible. Therefore, one meaning of the name is the horn of antimony.

What is antimony?

Antimony was a mineral that could be crushed or pulverized for use in medicines and cosmetics. Therefore, antimony was an agent of healing and beautifying. And, that the name means the horn of antimony means the power of healing and beautifying.

Job’s pride and self-righteousness had been crushed and pulverized after he heard and saw God. Then, despite the treatment from his friends, Job was able to pray for them that God would not deal with them according to their folly. Job’s prayer brought healing and beautification to the lives of his friends.

This reminds me of what Paul said in 2 Corinthians 4:7-12.

“But we have this treasure in jars of clay, to show that the surpassing power belongs to God and not to us. We are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not driven to despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed; always carrying in the body the death of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be manifested in our bodies. For we who live are always being given over to death for Jesus’ sake, so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh. So death is at work in us, but life in you.”

The stormy thoughts have been calmed. The cross has performed its perfect work, crucifying the old man of sin. And, now there is the filling of the body with the Spirit of healing and beautifying.

So, we see Job’s three daughters as a picture of the work done in Job and the work that Jesus does in us so that we can be the light of the world, participating in Jesus’ ministry of reconciliation.

And, why three daughters?

Well, three is the period of time between death and life. The three daughters symbolize what happens to us as we go from death to life.

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