Delivered from the Domain of Darkness


“He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.” – Colossians 1:13

“When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the brook Kidron.” – John 18:1

“And all the land wept aloud as all the people passed by, and the king crossed the brook Kidron, and all the people passed on toward the wilderness.” – 2 Samuel 15:23

There is an interesting connection between these three passages of scripture. The connection has to do with being delivered from darkness and crossing the brook Kidron.


The name Kidron means dark one, dark or turbid, or very black, full of darkness.

David crossed the brook Kidron when he was fleeing Jerusalem when Absalom usurped control of the kingdom. So, David crossed a dark, turbid brook, a brook full of darkness as he fled Jerusalem.

But, the word brook is somewhat misleading. When I think of a brook, I think of quiet stream. But, that is not what the Hebrew word for brook, nachal, truly means. The full meaning of nachal is a moving body of water of various sizes, varying greatly based on volumes of rain, that may or may not flow year-round (Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains: Hebrew). The Kidron could be completely dry or it could be a raging torrent of water depending on the volume of rain.

So, it would is more appropriate to think of David crossing a torrent of dark, turbid water or a torrent full of darkness. Isaiah 59:19 says that “the enemy shall come in like a flood.”


David crossed the brook Kidron as he fled Jerusalem and Absalom. And, Jesus crossed the brook Kidron immediately before he left Jerusalem for the final time.

In John 14 to 17, Jesus delivered a tremendous message about his departing, the coming of the Holy Spirit, and the Father and Jesus making their home in the disciples. So, John 18:1 says, “When Jesus had spoke these words, he went out with disciples across the brook Kidron.”

I mentioned above that the flow of water in the brook Kidron could vary substantially during the year. It could be a dry stream or a raging torrent of water. Jesus’ crucifixion and departure from Jerusalem was in the March/April time frame.

In Israel, January was dark, gloomy month with very heavy rains. February alternated between sunny and rainy days. March was the month of the latter rains. And, sometimes March had the heaviest rains of any month. Therefore, at the time that Jesus and disciples crossed the brook Kidron, it was likely a raging torrent of water.

Having crossed this raging torrent of dark, turbid water, Jesus and his disciples entered a garden. Based on the other gospels, we know that this was the garden of Gethsemane. The disciples were in the garden during the night. So, not only did Jesus and the disciples cross the raging torrent of water full of darkness, but they entered the night where Jesus would be betrayed.

Jesus departed Jerusalem.


As we saw above in Colossians 1:13, Jesus delivered us from the kingdom of darkness and transferred us into his kingdom. The disciples crossing the raging torrent of darkness with Jesus was the real beginning of this deliverance and entrance into the kingdom of God. For, this was the time that Jesus defeated the enemy and ransomed us from Satan.

There is so much more that could be said to connect David and Jesus’ crossing of the brook Kidron. I will give just one example.

Just after David crossed the brook Kidron he ascended the Mount of Olives weeping.

When Jesus crossed the brook Kidron he entered a garden, the garden of Gethsemane. Connecting the various gospel accounts and we know that this garden was on the Mount of Olives. It was here that Jesus was sorrowful and troubled, likely weeping, while he prayed that the cup would pass from him.

Jesus said all the scriptures witnessed to him. He showed this to the disciples after his resurrection. And, when the Holy Spirit teaches us, we see that Jesus truly fulfilled the scriptures. Even the parts that are not prophetic on the surface.

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