TODAY’S READING: JOSHUA 11-13
Joshua 12 records all the kings defeated by Moses and Joshua.
The first half of the chapter, verses 1-6, give the details of the two kings that Moses defeated. The kings are named and we are given the details of where they live and ruled. The details are a bunch of names and places that are seemingly meaningless to us.
The second half of the chapter, verses 7-24, give the details of the kings, all 31 one of them, that Joshua defeated. There is part of the chapter is even more boring. Over and over, we read “the king of such and such, one.”
I suspect very few people read this part of the Bible. And, if they do read it, then probably skim it. Okay, so Joshua defeated a whole bunch of kings in the promised land.
However, I have grown to learn that the most “boring” parts of the Bible have some of the greatest truths about Jesus. But, you will only find them by reading them over and over and letting the Spirit teach you.
Gold and silver have to be mined. You have to dig. And, it’s no different than with the spiritual riches of Christ. Proverbs 25:2 says, “It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings is to search things out.”
So, what do we learn about Jesus when we search out the spiritual meaning of all the kings that were defeated?
SIHON, KING OF THE AMORITES, IS DEFEATED
Joshua 12:2 says that Moses defeated “Sihon king of the Amorites who lived at Hesbon and ruled from Aroer.”
The name Sihon means rooting out or striking down. It comes from a root word meaning sweeping away.
Sihon was the king of the Amorites. The Amorites were highlanders, dwellers of the summit, or mountain dwellers. Mountains, high places, were places of worship. The word Amorite is from the Hebrew word amar, which means to speak or say. Therefore, Amorites means talkers.
Sihon lived in Heshbon. Heshbon means intelligence, invention, industry, or the power of thinking or reason.
Sihon ruled from Aroer. Aroer comes from a root word meaning to be or become naked. It means naked or a naked tree.
What is all this a picture of?
Sihon, king of the Amorites, is a picture of those that have rooted out God. Instead of worshiping God in the places, these people worship their own intelligence, the power of their own thinking and reason. These people rule by the naked tree. The naked tree is the tree of knowledge of good and evil since it was when Adam and Eve ate from this tree that they realized they were naked.
Sihon represents people that live by the law, the knowledge of good and evil, instead of the life of God. These people are talkers but not doers.
In Matthew 23:2-3, Jesus says, “The scribes and Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat, so do and observe whatever they tell you, but not the works they do. For they preach, but do not practice.” Jesus is linking the scribes and Pharisees with Sihon, the king of the Amorites, a talker but not a doer.
OG, KING OF BASHAN, IS DEFEATED
Joshua 2:4 says that Moses also defeated “Og king of Bashan, one of the remnant of the Rephaim, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei and ruled over Mount Hermon and Salecah.”
The name Og means gigantic or long-necked.
Og was king of Bashan, which means a stoneless, fertile plain.
He was one of the remnant of the Rephaim. Rephaim comes from a root word that mean to fall or to heal. Therefore, Rephaim means “remedied” or “that what we’ve been healed from.”
Og lives at Ashtaroth. Ashtaroth is the plural of Ashtoreth. It is was the Hebrew name for the fertility goddess. The name means cohesiveness.
He also lived at Edrei. Edrei means arm. Metaphorically, it means power or force, might or strength. It can also mean a very great mass.
Og ruled over Mount Hermon. The name Hermon comes from the Hebrew word herem, which means to dedicate or ban. This is the word where we get the phrase “devoted to destruction.” (You can check out my post from earlier this week to read What Does Devoted to Destruction Mean?)
Og also ruled over Salecah. Salecah comes from a root meaning to walk, walking. It has the idea of moving along, going about, migrating, or wandering.
What is all this a picture of?
Og, king of Bashan, dwells in the plains. The plains are not high places. Therefore, in the plains you are farther away from God. The garden of Eden was on the mountain of God. This was the place of fruitfulness. But, Og represents the people that live in the plains that attempt to be fruitful apart from God.
Og represents people who try to make a name for themselves. Instead of relying on God for fruitfulness and togetherness, these people try to create cohesiveness and unity through their own arm, their own strength, and their own power. By the force of their own strength, these people will created a great mass of people.
Og ruling over Mount Hermon represents people making rules for what is sacred and not sacred. The Pharisees had rules for everything. After Jesus said the Pharisees preach but do not practice at the beginning of Matthew 23, he went to describe all these minute and exacting rules that they created to be holy, clean, sacred.
Og ruling over Salecah represents people trying to prevent moving along, migrating, and wandering by their own power. The create their own doctrines and traditions to follow. In Mark 7:6-9, Jesus said to the Pharisees, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me; in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ You leave the commandment of god and hold to the tradition of men. You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition!”
But, this is nothing new. Men have always been this way. Genesis 11:2-4 says, “And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. And they said to one another, ‘Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be dispersed over the face of the whole earth.'”
MOSES, THE LAW, DEFEATED SIHON AND OG
Interestingly, it is Moses that defeated Sihon and Og.
Ever since Adam, man has attempted to replace the life of God as his source and supply with his intelligence. Instead of love for God, man wants to live by his own understanding and his knowledge of good and evil. But, it is the law that exposes our inability to live according to our own intelligence, our own understanding, our own knowledge of good and evil.
Ever since Cain, who was told to by God to wander the earth, man has attempted to come together under his own strength, his own power. Man has settled in the plains to build himself a city with his own rules, his own determination of what is acceptable and what is not. Instead of love for neighbor, man wants to live by his own rules, which end causing man to lord it over each other. But, it is the law that exposes our complete inability to rule each with true justice.
When the law exposes and defeats these two kings in us, then we come to know what Jesus said about the greatest commandment. When asked what the greatest commandment was, Jesus said, “You shall love the Lord you God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.” (Matthew 22:37-40)
In Luke 10:25-28, a lawyer asked Jesus what he needed to do to inherit eternal life. so, Jesus asked the lawyer what was written in the law, how he read it. The lawyer answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” Jesus said, “You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live.”
Moses, the law, defeated Sihon and Og. It was only after these two kings were defeated that Joshua could take Israel into the promised land to defeat the kings in that land. This teaches us that the law must completely expose our inability to live by own understanding so that we see love for God and love for neighbor as the keys to inheriting eternal life. It’s then that we are ready for Jesus to lead us into eternal and defeat all the other kings within us.
Let’s look at Joshua and the kings he defeated to see the kings that Jesus defeats in us.
THE KING OF JERICHO DEFEATED
Jericho means the place of fragrance or his sweet smell.
When we are living in sin, we are committing all sorts of abominations. The Hebrew words for abomination carry with them the idea of foul smell. While we are in sin, we give off a foul smell. But, when we come to Christ he changes that. He frees us from sin so that we no longer emit that foul smell.
2 Corinthians 2:14-16 says, “But thanks be to God, who in Christ always leads us in triumphal procession, and through us spreads the fragrance of the knowledge of him everywhere. For we are the aroma of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing, to one a fragrance from death to death, to the other a fragrance from life to life.”
THE KING OF AI DEFEATED
Ai means a heap of stones. It comes from a root word meaning to bend or twist to the point of destruction.
Prior to coming to Christ, we lack wisdom and paths get bent and twisted. But, Ephesians 1:7-8 says that Christ redeemed us “according to the riches of his grace, which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight.” In Ephesians 2:17, Paul prays that God “may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him.” Then, we walk in that wisdom so that our paths are straight.
Having received Christ we are no longer a heap of stones. 1 Peter 2:5 says, “You yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to god through Jesus Christ.”
THE KING OF JERUSALEM DEFEATED
The name Jerusalem comes from two words. The first word means to shoot, throw, or cast. The second word means peace. So, Jerusalem means possession of peace or foundation of peace.
Men try to bring about peace through fear and suppression. So, men use war to bring peace.
Jesus came to defeat this notion of peace. Jesus came to bring peace through love and freedom. This is why Jesus says in John 14:27, “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid.
THE KING OF HEBRON DEFEATED
Hebron comes from a root word meaning to ally oneself, to be coupled, to join together.
Psalm 2:1-3 says, “Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against his Anointed, saying, ‘Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.'”
All nations, all people, have allied themselves together in war against God and Jesus. We want to be free of their chains and cords on us.
But, God simply laughs at this plan. And, what a marvelous change occurs because of Christ. Instead of plotting against God, we become allied with God and ambassadors for him.
2 Corinthians 5:17-20 says, “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.”
THE KING OF JARMUTH DEFEATED
Jarmuth comes from a root meaning to swell. It also can mean to be high, to be exalted.
1 Corinthians 8:1 says, “Now concerning food offered to idols: we know that ‘all of possess knowledge.’ This ‘knowledge’ puffs up, but love builds up.” Our “knowledge” swells us up, fills us with pride, and we exalt ourselves. Like those in Genesis 11, we want to make a name for ourselves.
But, Christ, who is the wisdom of God, humbled himself and became an obedient slave. Through Christ, we have this same mind.
Philippians 2:5-8 says, “Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.”
THE KING OF LACHISH DEFEATED
Lachish means impregnable, invincible, and obstinate. It also can mean walk.
In 1 Timothy 1:13, Paul says, “I was a blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent.” Paul was an impregnable and invincible fortress. That is, until the light of Christ, God’s divine power, shined into his darkness and destroyed the stronghold in his mind.
2 Corinthians 10:4-5 says, “For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds. We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every though captive to obey Christ.”
THE KING OF EGLON DEFEATED
Eglon means young bull or ox. Literally, it means calf-guy or calf-place.
Before coming to Christ, we are like animals, creatures of instinct. Jude 10-11 says, “But these people blaspheme all that they do not understand, and they are destroyed by all the they, like unreasoning animals, understand instinctively. Woe to them! For they walked in the way of Cain and abandoned themselves for the sake of gain to Balaam’s error and perished in Korah’s rebellion.” And, 2 Peter 2:12 says, “But these, like irrational animals, creatures of instinct, born to be caught and destroyed, blaspheming about matters of which they are ignorant, will also be destroyed in their destruction.”
But, this all changes when we come to Christ. Matthew 11:28-30 says, “Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.”
We learn from Christ that he lived by the Spirit. When we come under his yoke, we live the same way. Therefore, instead of living by instinct, we are “filled with the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18) and “walk by the spirit” (Galatians 5:16).
THE KING OF GEZER DEFEATED
Gezer comes from a root meaning to cut or divide.
Galatians 5:4 says, “You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law.” That was to the Jew.
Ephesians 2:12 says, “Remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.” That was to the Gentile.
But, Christ draws us near.
Ephesians 2:13-18 says, “But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, and might reconcile us both to God in one body through the cross, thereby killing the hostility. And he came and preached peace to you who were far off and peace to those who are near. For through him we both have access in one Spirit to the Father.”
THE KING OF DEBIR DEFEATED
Debir means place of the word.
We use to live according to the law (even the Gentiles who became a law unto themselves). John 1:14 says that the law came through Moses. In 2 Corinthians 3, Paul calls the ministry of Moses a ministry of the letter that kills, a ministry of death carved in tablets of stone, and a ministry of condemnation.
But, when we come to cross, we know longer live according to the letter but by the word of God. John 1 says that Jesus is the word of God. The word of God is not the Bible but Jesus. Now can we live by the word, which comes through God’s voice.
Therefore, in 2 Corinthians 3, Paul says we are under the ministry of the new covenant, the ministry of the Spirit, the ministry of life, and the ministry of righteousness.
THE KING OF GEDER DEFEATED
Geder comes from a root meaning dry stone wall; to build up a wall.
When we were without Christ and the Spirit, we were were defenseless. We had no wall around us. Ephesians 1:13-14 says, “In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believe in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.”
Filled with the Spirit, we are no longer dry stones but living stones being built together. Ephesians 2:22 says, “In him you also are being built together into a dwelling place for God by the Spirit.”
THE KING OF HORMAH DEFEATED
Hormah comes from the root herem, which is the same root for the name Hermon above. In addition to being devoted or banned, the name Hormah can mean broken rock.
We once devoted ourselves to the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes and the pride of life. (1 john 2:16)
But, Jesus comes and we are devoted to him. Acts 2:24 says, “And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.” Rightly understood all four of those things speak directly to being devoted to Jesus.
Christ was broken for us and he is the rock. Colossians 3:3 says, “For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.”
THE KING OF ARAD DEFEATED
The name Arad comes from a word meaning wild ass. It can also mean fugitive.
We were once all fugitives and in rebellion to God. Ephesians 2:1-3 says, “And you were dead in your trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience – among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature the children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.”
We were stubborn like a wild ass. As fugitives, we were slaves to sin.
Romans 6:16-18 says, “Do you not know that if your present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness? But thanks be to god, that you who were once slaves of sin have become obedient from the heart to the standard of teaching to which you were committed, and, having been set free from sin, have became slaves of righteousness.”
THE KING OF LIBNAH DEFEATED
Libnah comes from a root meaning to whiten or cleanse.
James says that no man can control the tongue. James 3:6 says, “And the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life, and set on fire by hell.”
But, Christ comes and cleanses us from every stain.
Ephesians 5:25-27 says, “Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, that he might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, so that he might present the church to himself in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish.”
THE KING OF ADULLAM DEFEATED
Adullam comes from a root meaning to lock up or lock in, to act justly, fairly. The name means the justice of the people or retreat/refuge.
Romans 7:6 says that we were bound to the law. And, Galatians 3:22-23 says, “But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.”
And revealed it was in Jesus Christ.
Galatians 3:25-26 says, “But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.”
Romans 3:28 says, “For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.”
Where does faith come from?
Romans 10:17 says, “So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.”
And, Romans 5:1 says, “Therefore, since he have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
THE KING OF MAKKEDAH DEFEATED
The name Makkedah means place of the shepherd.
Isaiah 53:6 says, “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned – everyone – to his way.” Peter affirms this in 1 Peter 2:25 when he says, “For you were straying like sheep.”
But, Jesus is the Good Shepherd. And, he told a parable about a lost sheep in Luke 15:4-7.
“What man of you, having a hundred sheep, if he has lost one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the open country, and go after the one that is lost, until he finds it? And when he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep that was lost.’ Just so, I tell you, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance.”
You are that lost sheep Jesus leaves everything else behind to go find.
THE KING OF BETHEL DEFEATED
Bethel means house of God.
1 Corinthians 3:16 says, “Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?”
Before Christ, we all sat as a god in the temple of our body just like Paul says the son of destruction will one day in the temple of God (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4).
Jesus preached that the kingdom of God is within you (Luke 17:21). Therefore, when we receive Christ, he takes his seat on the throne of our hearts in our bodies which is his temple. Hebrews 3:6 says, “Christ is faithful over God’s house as a son. And we are his house, if indeed we hold fast our confidence and our boasting in our hope.”
THE KING TAPPUAH DEFEATED
Tappuah means apple or fruitful in apples.
We are all condemned by the law. Jesus even says that by our words we will be condemned (Matthew 12:37). Paul says that in passing judgment on another we will condemn ourselves (Romans 2:1). Romans 5:16 says, “For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation.”
What does condemnation have to do with apples?
Proverbs 25:11 says, “A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in a setting of silver.” Jesus speaks words to us at the proper time and in the proper that are like an apple of gold, that is fruit of the divine, in a setting of silver, set in redemption.
Romans 8:1 says, “There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.”
THE KING OF HEPHER DEFEATED
Hepher comes from a root word meaning to paw, to dig; to track, search, or spy out.
Wells are dug. Scripture is replete with the imagery of man meeting his bride at a well. And, Jesus does the same in John 4. In John 4:13-14, Jesus says, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”
When we come to Jesus, he enters into our dry place and digs a well of water that springs up to eternal life.
THE KING OF APHEK IS DEFEATED
One of the possible meanings of Aphek is to be strong or strength.
We all beset by weakness.
But, the Lord told Paul in 2 Corinthians 12:9, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore, Paul says he will be content with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and calamities.
Philippians 4:13 says, “I can do all things through him who strengthens me.”
THE KING OF LASHARON DEFEATED
The name Lasharon comes from a root that means to soak, rinse, moisten, or become wet. It also contains the idea of another Hebrew word which means to please.
For something to soak, it has to sit in water for a long time. Jesus tells us to abide in him, to dwell or to soak in his presence.
John 15:3-4, 5, 8 says, “Already you are clean because of the word that I have spoken to you. Abide in me, and I in you…I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing…By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples.”
When we soak in the Lord and bear much fruit, it pleases the Father.
THE KING OF MADON DEFEATED
Madon means to plead one’s cause, to contend, quarrel, argue, execute judgment.
Satan, the adversary, is constantly accusing us. Before Jesus’ death and resurrection, Satan was in heaven accusing us to the Father.
But, now we have an advocate. 1 John 2:1 says, “But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.” And, Hebrews 7:25-26 says, “Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them. For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, exalted above the heavens.”
THE KING OF HAZOR DEFEATED
Hazor likely means fence or enclosure as it comes form a root word meaning settlement, yard without walls; court, enclosure.
In Job, Satan complained that God had put a hedge around Job to protect. In John 10:10, Jesus says that Satan is a thief. He’s constantly trying to get access to us to steal us.
But, God has us in his fence, his enclosure, his fold. Jesus says in John 10:1-4, “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber. But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the gatekeeper opens. The sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.”
THE KING OF SHIMRON-MERON DEFEATED
Shimron-meron means the place of watching and prospering or vigilance and prosperity.
A shepherd watches over his flock. That’s just who Jesus is to us. In John 10:11, Jesus says, “I am the good shepherd. the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.”
Not only did Jesus come to reveal himself as our shepherd, the one who watches over us, but he came to make us rich. 2 Corinthians 8:9 says, “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.”
But, Paul is referring not to earthly riches but spiritual riches. Ephesians 2:6-7 says God “raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.”
THE KING OF ACHSHAPH DEFEATED
Achshaph comes from a root word that means to practice sorcery, sorcerer. The name also can mean poison or tricks.
Of course, Eve was deceived by Satan in the garden. Satan is the sorcerer, the trickster.
Therefore, Paul writes in Ephesians 6:11, 16, “Put on the whole armor of god, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil…In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one.”
THE KING OF TAANACH DEFEATED
There is no clear meaning for the name Taanach. But, one supposed meaning is wandering through. In the Bible, wandering takes place in the wilderness or desert. This probably leads to the other supposed meaning which is sandy.
Therefore, this name is probably related to Jesus telling us to build our house on the rock. Matthew 7:24-27 says, “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had been founded on the rock. And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell, and great was the fall of it.”
THE KING OF MEGIDDO DEFEATED
There are conflicting meanings for the name Megiddo. One source says it means a place of troops. But, another source says it means place of crowns, likely coming from the root word that means to be precious or noble. This root word also leads to another word that means a harvest of fruits.
I am going with the second source.
Those who have received Christ “have the firstfruits of the Spirit,” according to Romans 8:23. Paul says in 2 Thessalonians 2:13 that “God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. And, James 1:18 says, “Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.”
In addition to Jesus making us the firstfruits, we will receive crowns. 1 Peter 5:4 says, “And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.”
THE KING OF KEDESH DEFEATED
Kedesh comes from a root word meaning to be holy.
The Bible says that hearts of men are wicked. In fact, every intention of a man’s heart is wicked. And, our actions spring forth from our hearts. Therefore, if our hearts are unclean, then we are unclean.
But, Hebrews 10:21-22 says, “And since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.”
Because our hearts have been cleansed by Jesus, we can fulfill Peter’s command in 1 Peter 1:14-16, which says, “As obedient children, do not be conformed to to the passions of your former ignorance, but as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, since it is written, ‘You shall be holy, for I am holy.'”
THE KING OF JOKNEAM DEFEATED
Jokneam has two possible meanings: 1) let the people inquire and 2) possessed of the people.
Jesus tells us to inquire of him. Matthew 7:7-8 says, “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.”
As to the second meaning, Paul states it clearly in 2 Corinthians 6:16, which says, “For we are the temple of the living God; as God said, ‘I will make my dwelling among them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.” Jesus will be our God. He will possessed by us, the people.
THE KING OF DOR DEFEATED
Dor comes from a root word meaning to stack in circles. The name likely means habitation.
When Jesus was asked how he would manifest himself to the disciples, and to us, Jesus answered, “If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.” (John 14:23)
THE KING OF GOIIM DEFEATED
The name Goiim means nations.
While God dealt with Israel in the Old Testament and they were his people, since Jesus came God’s people are from every nation.
Revelation 7:9-10 says, “After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands, and crying our with a loud voice, ‘Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!'”
THE KING OF TIRZAH DEFEATED
Tirzah comes from the root word meaning to take pleasure in, be favorable to someone, to accept with pleasure, to become friends.
Romans 5:10, Ephesians 2:1-3, and Colossians 1:21 all indicate that at one time we were enemies with God. But, Colossians 1:22 says, “He has now reconciled in his of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him.”
Not only have we been reconciled, but we are now friends with Jesus and God. John 15:14-15 says, “You are my friends if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you.”
2 DEFEATED KINGS + 31 DEFEATED KINGS = 33 DEFEATED KINGS
Israel defeated two kings before they set foot in the promised land. Moses, as the law, defeated these two kings. This is a picture of us moving from the commandments of law to the two commandments of love that Jesus gave: love the Lord with all your heart, mind, soul, and strength and love your neighbor as he loved us. When this happens we are ready to enter eternal life. And, two is the number of union, as in the two become one flesh, which speaks of Christ and the church.
Why were 31 kings defeated in the land?
Josiah was one of the good kings of Israel. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and walked in the all the ways of his father David. Josiah’s reign began when he was eight years old. Eight is the number of new creation, which is what Jesus came in to usher. Josiah’s reign lasted 31 years. That’s the only time the number 31 is used in the Bible. So, it doesn’t tell us much.
However, the most common name for God is El. Hebrew letters are also numbers. The two letters that make up the name God, El, are lamed (the number 30) and aleph (the number 31). Add the letters in God’s name together and you get 31.
Joshua, the son of life, defeated 31 kings in the promised land. But, Jesus, the son of God, defeats 31 kings that try to rule our hearts. Then God as complete dominion over our hearts and the kingdom of God is truly within us.
If you add all the kings that were defeated by Moses and by Joshua, by the law and by Jesus, then the total is 33 defeated kings.
What is the significance of the number 33?
The number 33 appears quite a bit in the Bible.
Leviticus 12:1-4 says that after a male son was born, the woman was unclean for seven days, the boy was circumcised on the eighth day, and then the woman continued in the blood of her purifying for 33 days. Interesting.
1 Kings 2:11 says that David reigned in Hebron seven years and Jerusalem 33 years. David is a type of Christ. This is getting more interesting.
In the account of creation, which spans Genesis 1:1 to Genesis 2:4, the 33rd time Elohim, one of the names of God, is used it says “God finished his work (Genesis 2:2). God finished (keep that in mind for later) the first creation the 33rd time his name was mentioned.
In the first mid-week Bible study in 2017, I spoke on Creation: A Witness to Jesus. In that study, I discussed how John says that Jesus was ushering in a new creation.
How old was Jesus when he died? 33!
How many unique miracles are recorded in the gospels when Jesus was ushering in the new creation? 33!
How many unique parables did Jesus speak when he was telling us about the new creation? 33!
So, including Leah, the children she had of Jacob that came into Egypt were 33. Or, Jesus came into the world to begin creation anew and at the age of 33 he finished his work.
Therefore, the 33 kings that were defeated represent the complete work of victory that Jesus achieve on the cross. He truly put all his enemies under his feet and was given all authority in heaven and on earth.
Amazing what a simple list of kings can tell you about our Lord.